Publications

Publications


Differences between Joint Stock and a Limited Liability Companies in Turkey
The following are some of the most important differences between a Joint Stock Company and a Limited Liability Company under Turkish laws :  • There is no minimum or maximum number of sh...
Comment réussir un arbitrage en Turquie ?
Les avocats de contentieux le savent bien : les 3 facteurs de réussite d'une instance sont : 1. préparation, 2. préparation, 3. préparation. Les spécialistes de l'arbitrage interna...
Arbitration lawyers in Turkey
Turkey's status among "world's most growing economies" brought along the need to modernize the law system. For drawing the foreign investors' attraction, making arbitration in Turkey friendl...
Energy and environment in Turkey
Turkey has become one of the fastest growing energy markets in the world in parallel to its economic growth registered in the last eight years and is rapidly gaining a competitive structure....
International Arbitration Law in Turkey
The adoption of Turkish International Arbitration Law 4686 in 2001 replaced the principle of reciprocity for a more all encompassing principle of "foreign element", thus enabling more arbitr...
Turkish lawyers and practice of law firms in Turkey
The compatible or incompatible activities with law practice are regulated under a law dated 1969.therefore, Turkish lawyers and practice of law firms in Turkey is regulated under this specif...
Mortgage under Turkish laws
A mortgage denominated in Turkish Lira or in the event it secures a loan obtained from local or foreign credit institutions in a currency other than Turkish Lira, in such currency, can be cr...
Protection of trademark in Turkey
In order to be protected, companies' trademarks shall be registered in Turkey. Indeed, this is one of the main differences between patent and trademark, the second needing a local registrati...
Set up a company in Turkey
In order to set up a limited liability company ("LLC") in Turkey, no minimum shareholders are required. The minimum share capital is 10.000 TL (approximately USD 3300,-).  Shareholders of...
Foreign law firms in Turkey and their obligations under laws
In principle, a foreign law firm is not authorized to practice in Turkey. Hence, they are obliged to make an agreement with a Turkish law firm in Turkey, rather than establishing partnership...
Competition laws in Turkey
Turkish Law on the Protection of Competition (law no. 4054) is regulating the major anti trust rules that applies to companies operating in Turkey. It aims to protect the competition between...
Transportation and logistics in Turkey
Turkey lies between Europe and Asia serving as a bridge geographically, culturally and economically. In Turkey, investments in the transportation system are concentrated on land transportat...
Transportation and logistics in Turkey
Turkey lies between Europe and Asia serving as a bridge geographically, culturally and economically. In Turkey, investments in the transportation system are concentrated on land transportat...
Lawyers in Turkey and practice of law in Turkey
The compatible or incompatible activities with law practice are regulated under a law dated 1969. Pursuant to article 11 of the Law, "Services and duties rendered in exchange for payments s...
Taking securities in Turkey
In project finance and related guarantee structuring, creditor may also have recourse to commercial enterprise pledge. A commercial enterprise pledge  covers the commercial title and tra...
Duration of court case in Turkey
Before the commercial courts in Turkey, a court case on the merits require between 4 and 7 hearings. In these circumstances, it is necessary to foresee between 18 and 24 months of legal proc...
Wind energy in Turkey
The Turkish government encourages investors to implement energy projects in Turkey with new incentives on renewable energy. This ensures that the government's feed-in tariff will accelerate...
Relations between Turkey and Cote d'Ivoire
Diplomatic relations between Turkey and the Ivory Coast were established in 1962. From 1964 until 2009, the Turkish Embassy in Dakar was accredited to the Ivory Coast. The Turkish representa...
Communiqué About International Arbitration Fees
COMMUNIQUÉ ABOUT INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION FEES (08.03.2016) A Communiqué About International Arbitration Fees (hereafter referred as “Communiqué”) was published in the official gaze...
Civil and Penal Risks of Data Protection Law in Turkey
In the present Legal Memo, we will summarize the regulations related to the Law, together with a Program, urging your company to comply with the Law. I.   WHAT ARE THE NEW REGULATIONS IN T...
Company Incorporation in Turkey
Step by Step Company Incorporation Procedure in Turkey 1st step : According to the Article 13 of the Regulation of Trade Registry published on the Official Gazette dated 27 January 2013 an...
Cartel decision of Turkish Competition Authority
By Att. Ahmet Can SEBER   According to the Turkish Competition Authority’s decision dated 8 March 2013 and numbered 13-13/198-100, 12 banks has violated Article 4 of the Act no 4054 on...
Heavy fines on banks accused of cartel
Cartel decision of the Turkish Competition Authority, ruling 12 banks operating in Turkey involved cartel activities by making agreements and/or engaging in concerted practices related to de...
Turkish Competition Authority established a cartel between 12 banks
he "Cartel" decision of the Turkish Competition Authority, condemning the 12 banks in Turkey for having participated in cartel activities through agreements and / or engaging in concerted pr...
Arbitration in Turkey
Our managing partner regularly represents clients in arbitration proceedings under a variety of rules, including the French Arbitration Association, the International Chamber of Commerce, In...